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The main labor market trends were announced in Sochi :: News

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The wave of active implementation of digital technologies in Russia will be complemented by a wave of struggle for human capital – this trend was outlined at the All-Russian Occupational Safety and Health Week in Sochi on September 26-29 in speeches by the country’s top officials and a large-scale study* dedicated to the forum. The most discussed problems related to labor and employment, as well as the measures proposed to solve them, were analyzed.

Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin announced new investments in labor safety at enterprises (human capital) at the All-Russian Labor Safety Week. In 2024, it is planned to allocate 27 billion rubles to employers to “ensure preventive measures”—6 billion more than this year.

“In the context of economic transformation and industrial growth, issues of reducing injuries and risks at enterprises, as well as reducing cases of occupational diseases, require increased attention. And of course, modern solutions are needed to create innovative and high-tech jobs,” said the head of the Russian government.

By 2026, the volume of investments in occupational safety using modern solutions may double – up to 40 billion rubles, Deputy Prime Minister Tatyana Golikova also said at the Occupational Safety Week in Sochi.

“This is an unprecedented step forward. We see extreme demand for this among employers and employees,” the Deputy Prime Minister noted.

The balance between the search for personnel and investments in labor protection is predetermined by the digital technologies that enterprises choose, says Anton Kotyakov, Minister of Labor and Social Protection of the Russian Federation.

He said that five main areas of digitalization in labor protection have been identified. 1 – prevention (consultations and self-tests through the portal “Onlineinspektsiya.rf”, where more than 21 million users are already registered). 2. Transfer of government services in the field of labor protection into electronic form (70% of organizations submit documents online). 3 – increasing the effectiveness of special assessment of working conditions. 4 – digitalization of knowledge testing on labor protection. 5 – methodological assistance on a single platform. “They holistically cover the entire sphere of labor protection, labor relations, interaction between employer and employee, i.e. everything related to ensuring the climate in the workforce,” the minister explained.

The main trend of the labor market, according to a study by the CROS agency dedicated to the forum, is record low unemployment (3.3% in the Russian Federation according to the ILO methodology, and in some regions – Moscow, Tatarstan – less than 1%), but an acute shortage of qualified personnel. In the coming years, the situation, according to agency experts, will remain relevant. Nowadays, for one applicant – a highly qualified specialist – there are several vacancies (depending on the industry – from 3-4 to 10 vacancies or more). The development of AI, digitalization and robotization will increase competition between companies in the struggle for the necessary personnel, experts believe. At the same time, in the future there are risks of “technological unemployment” due to the forecast of the extinction of a number of professions due to the introduction of digital technologies. The solution to the problem lies in large-scale retraining of personnel.

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