Pijijiapan was the epicenter of a magnitude 4.2 earthquake which surprised the inhabitants of the state of Chiapas this October 5 at 7:37 local time (13:37 UTC).
The tremor was recorded 122 km southwest of the city and had a depth of 16.1 km, according to preliminary information from the National Seismological Service (SSN).
In the event of significant seismic activity, the National Center for Disaster Prevention (Cenapred)calls not to fall into rumors or fake news and only obtain information from official sources, such as Civil Protection authorities, both local and state, as well as federal.
After an earthquake, check your house for possible damage, use your phone only in case of emergency, do not light matches or candles until you are sure that there is no gas leak and remember that aftershocks of the earthquake may occur, so it is important to be alert.
You can also take the following measures before an earthquake: prepare a civil protection plan, participate in evacuation drills, find safety zones at home, school or workplace, and prepare an emergency backpack.
During an earthquake, stay calm and stay in a safe zone, stay away from objects that may fall; If you are in a car, park and move away from buildings, trees and poles; And if you are located on the coast, stay away from the beach and take refuge in high areas.
Mexicans are accustomed to this type of events, since The country is located in an area of high seismicity. It is worth mentioning the great impact of the earthquakes of 1985 and 2017, which caused great damage throughout the Aztec territory. However, there are records of even more destructive movements in the country’s history.
During the colonial era it happened the strongest earthquake recorded in the history of what is now Mexico. It occurred on March 28, 1787, its epicenter was in Oaxaca, it had a magnitude of 8.6. The movement was so violent that it not only caused the earth to shake, it also caused a tsunami that reached 6 kilometers inland.
According to data from the Seismic Instrumentation and Registration Center (Cires), carried out in 2009 on the aforementioned earthquake, there is the possibility of a repetition of events above said magnitude. It is estimated that they may occur in the coming years. Its epicenter is calculated on the coasts of Mexico and Central America, since these are located in the so-called Guerrero Gap. This area is characterized by the accumulation of a large amount of geological energy.
However, seismic events of lower magnitudes can also cause great destruction. During 1985 and 2017Mexicans watched with astonishment as the country’s capital was plunged into chaos due to two earthquakes of a lower intensity than that of 1787.
As for 1985, it occurred on September 19 of that year at 7:19 local time (1:19 UTC), with the epicenter in the state of Guerrero and a magnitude of 8.2. Since then, it was believed that nothing like this would happen again, but, coincidentally, it happened again exactly 32 years later.
The one in 2017 was recorded at 1:14 p.m. local time (6:30 p.m. UTC) with the epicenter on the borders of the states of Puebla and Morelos and left a balance of 369 deaths in the center of the country.