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Drones will be able to make home deliveries in Colombia: this is the new regulation for unmanned aircraft


Reference file image.  Drones will now be able to make home deliveries - credit REUTERS
Reference file image. Drones will now be able to make home deliveries – credit REUTERS

Colombia is ready to enter the world of the technological revolution. Thanks to the new regulation for unmanned aviation will be allowed Drones can be used for cargo transportation (drone delivery) in the country.

The Civil Aeronautics (Aerocivil) reported that through the Resolution 01983 of September 27, 2023the RAC 100 standard was incorporated, which refers to the “Operation of unmanned aircraft systems” in the national territory.

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According to the air authority, the update of the unmanned aviation regulations in the country “aims to promote and professionalize this industryallowing safe access and use of national airspacethus responding to technological developments and advances worldwide.”

Reference file image.  The update of the regulations, according to Aerocivil, seeks, among other things, to guarantee safe access and use of national airspace - credit REUTERS
Reference file image. The update of the regulations, according to Aerocivil, seeks, among other things, to guarantee safe access and use of national airspace – credit REUTERS

One of the most notable novelties of the update of the regulation for unmanned aviation in Colombia is the cargo transportation operation (Drone Delivery)through those unmanned devices.

The Aerocivil regulations defined the drone delivery like “transportation, receipt and/or delivery of objects or merchandise with or without commercial purposes, through the operation of a UA (unmanned aircraft) designed and authorized for this purpose.

The regulation also incorporated the flight in BVLOS conditions (Visibility beyond line of sight); new guidelines against privacy protectionin addition to the criteria for night flights, flights in urban areas, captive flightsamong others.

Reference file image.  The new Aerocivil regulations defined how drone flights will be operated in urban areas, captive flights, among others - credit Reuters
Reference file image. The new Aerocivil regulations defined how drone flights will be operated in urban areas, captive flights, among others – credit Reuters

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He also defined that the spraying activities in open category “will not require flight authorization within a self-owned property for up to two UAS teams, in order to promote the modernization of the field.”

Regarding the important changes brought by the new regulations, it is highlighted that the weight for registration of unmanned aircraft was established in 200 grams or morein order to effectively control the use of said devices in the country.

“In addition, it will require report to Aerocivil any unmanned aircraft that arrives at the end of its useful life or lose its flight capability“, stressed the air authority.

Archive photo.  Image of the headquarters of the Civil Aeronautics of Colombia in Bogotá, Colombia.  When a drone reaches the end of its useful life, the Aerocivil must be notified - credit REUTERS
Archive photo. Image of the headquarters of the Civil Aeronautics of Colombia in Bogotá, Colombia. When a drone reaches the end of its useful life, the Aerocivil must be notified – credit REUTERS

As part of what is established in the regulations, the unmanned aircraft of the country that are registeredthey must have a label attached to their structure, in order to facilitate your identification.

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Civil Aeronautics also made it clear that all “manned aviation operations will always have priority about the unmanned aircraft operations”.

Among the major changes in the new regulations, it was also determined that drone operations will have to be classified into the following two categories, both determined by the weight of the device:

  • Open Category: for non-commercial operations with a maximum weight of 25 kilograms.
  • Specific Category: for commercial operations up to 250 kilograms or outside the limits of the open category, which require a certified pilot and a flight authorization.
Reference file image.  Drones in Colombia will be able to operate under two categories, which are determined by the weight of the device - credit Europa Press
Reference file image. Drones in Colombia will be able to operate under two categories, which are determined by the weight of the device – credit Europa Press

Regarding the regulations in the air, the regulation specified that “Every unmanned aircraft that operates in national airspace must comply, where relevant, the flight rules contained in the RAC 91 standardthat is, all the general regulations for flight operations.

Civil Aeronautics thus assured that updating the regulations will “contribute to the safe and responsible use of national airspace by unmanned aircraft, promoting their integration with civil aviation.”



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