So-called diets have always been popular among Russians – special nutrition programs designed to lose excess weight in the short or medium term. However, often when people go on a diet, they not only limit the intake of calories into the body, but also deprive themselves of the sources of microelements necessary to maintain health.
Moreover, diets can also lead to mental illness – eating disorders (ED). This was reported by nutritionist Lydia Ionova. She spoke in more detail about the cycle of eating disorder formation and other dangers associated with “sitting” on diets. Public News Service.
According to Ionova, the word “diet” has two meanings. So, in English, the word diet denotes a person’s general eating style – the way he eats at a certain stage of his life. At the same time, in Russian, a diet is a nutrition program that a person temporarily “sits on” to lose weight, and then returns to old eating habits.
“They degrade a person’s quality of health.”blockquote
“Any diet in our Russian understanding can be very harmful,” the expert pointed out. — The most severe thing is fasting, some kind of mono-diets, unbalanced diets. There is a big problem with them because they worsen the quality of human health. They deprive us of the nutrients we need every day, essential amino acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and so on.”
Less intense and more common diets also have a number of health risks. For example, any diet with a reduced calorie content increases the risk of exacerbation of chronic cholecystitis and the development of gallstone disease, the doctor said.
“Regular dieting leads to eating disorders.”blockquote
“But that’s not even the worst thing. There were studies, for example, in the States – several years ago, girls began to go on diets at the age of 8. In general, we also have a tendency toward this,” the specialist noted. – Regular dieting leads to eating disorders – eating disorders. An eating disorder is a psychiatric diagnosis. This is a serious human mental disorder that requires treatment from several specialists. First of all, a psychotherapist, secondly, a psychiatrist, and only thirdly, actually, a nutritionist.”
The “circle of eating disorders” starts in the following way: a person goes on a diet and sharply limits himself in nutrition, and then, due to external or internal stress, including that caused by the diet itself, he “breaks down” and begins to eat up this stress.
“I go on a diet in the morning and overeat in the evening.”blockquote
“This eating of suffering and breakdown causes a person to feel guilty and shame. If this is bulimia – a type of eating disorder – then after this, to reduce the consequences, the person undergoes a “cleaning”. And this does not necessarily mean inducing vomiting, it is taking laxatives, diuretics or intense sports. And with pathological overeating, this is a type of eating disorder that is generally very poorly diagnosed – there is no “cleansing”. The person just goes on a diet. Very often these cycles are short. For example, in the morning I go on a diet, and in the evening I overeat. And this happens every day. And this, in fact, is the beginning of the disorder,” Ionova explained.
It is precisely because of the risk of developing eating disorder that almost any diet aimed at short-term weight loss is dangerous for most people. The individual characteristics of the body also add to this danger.
“How [диета] the more severe it is, the greater the risk of developing eating disorder.”blockquote
“Any diet divides a person’s life into two components. I’m on a diet and then I go back to my wonderful life after a while. If these cycles are repeated several times, this is already an eating disorder. And therefore, any diet, the stricter it is, the greater the risk of developing eating disorder,” the publication’s interlocutor pointed out.
According to Ionova, a person cannot adhere to any diet for a long time, since they all imply some kind of restrictions. In order to change his diet, he needs to create healthy eating habits that he can stick to throughout his life. Therefore, having decided to change your diet, a person should contact a specialist and select a program based on his age, gender, level of physical activity, health status, and so on, the expert concluded.
Earlier in a conversation with OSN nutritionist Lidia Ionova spoke about the carcinogenicity of potato chips.
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