On the morning of Thursday, October 5, the Attorney General’s Office ordered the opening of a preliminary investigation into Chancellor Álvaro Leyva and Vice Minister Francisco Coy for the alleged omission of the comprehensive application of the Comprehensive Migration Policy (PIM) regarding the crisis. that live in the Darién Gap, a border area between Colombia and Panama.
The two officials must explain to the Public Ministry the reasons why they allegedly They would not have applied the PIM to migrants trying to cross the difficult Darien junglelocated in the municipalities of Necoclí, Acandí and Capurganá waiting to cross the border.
Likewise, they must answer why they had stopped implementing actions to keep the Health Care Center in operation, which benefited immigrants who entered Colombian territory from the east.
In the file, the Disciplinary Instruction Chamber also included the general director of immigration control of the Colombian Migration Administrative Unit, Carlos Fernando García Manosalva, and the deputy director, Martha Hernández Arango.
According to the control body, those officials would have stopped effectively executing the Comprehensive Migration Policy in the Darién Gap and carrying out effective control of the migrant population in the municipalities, which could pose a risk to national security. .
The Attorney General’s Office requested the taking of evidence to try to determine the occurrence of the conduct to establish whether it constitutes a disciplinary offense and to define whether or not it acted under a cause of exclusion of liability.
According to figures from the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, So far in 2023, more than 330,000 people have crossed the Darien Gap on their way to the United States, the highest annual number to date. This organization also ensures that one in five of these people was a child and that throughout 2022 the figure was 248,000 people.
For this reason, the spokesperson for the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Marta Hurtado, expressed her concern about the risks and vulnerabilities faced by all those migrants and refugees.
The spokesperson recalled in a statement that “migrants and refugees are exposed to multiple human rights violations and abuses throughout their journey, including sexual violence, which is an especially serious risk for children, women, LGBTI people and people with disabilities.”
Hurtado also warned that In both Panama and Costa Rica, migrants receive limited humanitarian attentionwhich worsens their already precarious situation.
“The risks are even greater given the dangers involved in crossing this jungle of nearly 5,750 square kilometers in area. In the dry season, people walk an average of four to seven days to cross the Darien Gap. During the rainy season, which lasts nine months, this journey can take up to 10 days,” the UN official explained in the statement.
Likewise, Hurtado recalled that the Government of Panama built two reception centers for migrants with the help of the international community, but stressed that this measure has not been enough given the large number of people who arrive in the Central American country trying to reach the United States. Joined.
For this reason, he asked other states to seek solutions based on human rights and also requested to address the structural problems that cause massive migration to the North American country.