286 kilometers from Bogotá, in the northern part of the department of Huila, a fragment of the Tatacoa desert is prepared as world epicenterfrom the annular solar eclipse of October 14 (2023).
That is, from this point the “total annularity” for a longer time, compared to the other regions in the world from which this phenomenon can be seen.
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The so-called cosmic spectacle will occur once our planet, natural satellite and star coincide in a linestraight enough, so that the Moon generates a shadow on the Earth when come between the surface and the Sun’s rays.
Well, although this shadow will move As the Earth and its natural satellite continue to rotate, from some points the “total annularity” will be appreciated; that is, the maximum point of the eclipse at which the Moon will almost completely cover the Sunrevealing a thin ring of light.
Same thing that, unlike other regions, will be maintained from the perspective of Tatacoa for at least five minutesfrom the 1:37 p.m. Although, the eclipse will be partially visible from 11:49 in the morning and until 3:16 in the afternoon.
What, according to astronomer Javier Fernando Rúa Restrepo, makes the “territory of Huila one of the truly privileged”, during the cosmic show on the 14th.
Hence authorities on the subject, such as the theoretical physicist Michio Kaku visit the country to observe the eclipse from Tatacoa, on an international trip that will also serve to talk “about the importance of science and technology in the education of children and young people. Also, about the energy transition and alternative energies for the country. In addition, I will be observing the solar eclipse in the La Tatacoa desert.”
In the words of the director of the Institute of Astrobiology of Colombia, Jorge Enrique Bueno Prieto: “We want to have mentors, leaders, examples of not only personal but professional life, and this time Professor Michio Kaku is one of those examples.”
- The hybrid solar eclipse on Thursday, April 20
- The penumbral lunar eclipse on Friday, May 5
- The annular solar eclipse on Saturday, October 14
- The partial lunar eclipse on Saturday, October 28
Despite the efforts of NASA and other space agencies to document phenomena of this type, from Colombia only the annular solar eclipse on Saturday, October 14, completely in the departments of Huila, Chocó, Valle del Cauca, Quindío, Amazonas, Caquetá, Guaviare, Meta and Risada. Just as it can be partially observed in the rest of the country.
Astronomers and ophthalmologists They agree that the most important thing is not to see the eclipse directly; since the retina is extremely UV sensitive.
And even with the Moon covering the Sun almost completely, the intensity of the rays emitted by the ring of light can generate irreversible eye damage.
To prevent retinal burnsTherefore, it is necessary that those who decide to observe the eclipse protect their eyes with lenses that filter ultraviolet rays, which, unlike traditional sunglasses, were specially designed to withstand intense light.