The Permanent Deputation of Congress will meet this Wednesday to debate and vote on whether President Pedro Sánchez and three ministers – Justice, Interior and Economy – should appear urgently this month to clarify the latest agreements reached with Junts, and whether to be summoned. also to the heads of Foreign Affairs and Defense to clarify the Government’s plans regarding Spanish participation in the military operation deployed in the Red Sea. It will be the first meeting of the Permanent Deputation of Congress to vote on proposals to appear this legislature, in this case, all registered by the PP. This body, chaired by Francina Armengol herself, replaces the Plenary Session when the Cortes are dissolved or during non-working periods, such as the month of January or July and August. Specifically, the first opposition party will defend the convening of an extraordinary plenary session for Sánchez to clarify the agreements he reached with Junts in exchange for the abstention of former president Carles Puigdemont’s party in the validation of three decree laws and the approval of the path of budget stability two weeks ago. The ‘popular’ party requested Sánchez’s presence a day after Junts saved the validation of two decrees – a third fell due to the vote against Podemos – and the deficit objectives. That day the Catalan independentists generically announced the pact ‘in extremis’ that they had closed with the Government and, for this reason, the PP was quick to demand that the president go to Congress to clarify their scope. DELETION OF AN ARTICLE FROM THE CIVIL PROCEDURE LAW Among other things, Junts claimed to have agreed with the PSOE to delete article 43bis of the Civil Procedure Law which, in its opinion, endangered the amnesty. To clarify the scope of this agreement, the PP will also try to get the Permanent Deputation to agree to the appearance of the Minister of the Presidency and Justice, Félix Bolaños. Those of Míriam Nogueras also said they had extracted from the Government the promise to reform the law on capital companies to reverse the royal decree approved by the PP in 2017 and facilitate the return to Catalonia of the companies that left due to the ‘procés’. In order to know what this reform will consist of, the ‘popular’ PP demands the presence of the new Minister of Economy, Carlos Body, before the industry commission. Likewise, Junts explained that the agreement affected other matters and included the immediate publication of fiscal balances, the recognition of the ‘historical rights’ of Catalonia in terms of local regime, that oil becomes an essential food with a VAT of 0 %, quintupling the money planned for the digitalization of the administration of Justice in Catalonia – which would go from 1.2 million euros to 6.2 million – and for the State to assume the entire cost of the discounts and bonuses of the price of public transport. DELEGATION OF POWERS IN IMMIGRATION However, the most controversial aspect was related to the transfer of powers in immigration. Junts announced an agreement for the “comprehensive delegation” of the same through article 150.2 of the Constitution, through a specific organic law for Catalonia. Afterwards, the head of the Executive himself made it clear that border control and the fight against irregular immigration are exclusive powers of the State that cannot be transferred, but he did open the door to delegate to Catalonia those related to the organization and integration of people. migrants. To obtain more details about this delegation of powers, the PP demands that the Minister of the Interior, Fernando Grande Marlaska, appear in an extraordinary session of the commission of the branch, where it also wants him to give an account of the sentence handed down by the Supreme Court that he considers illegal the repatriation of minors carried out from Ceuta to Morocco in August 2021. NEGOTIATION WITH BILDU FOR THE ETA PRISONERS In addition, the ‘popular’ have requested an extraordinary plenary session so that Marlaska is held accountable for the “negotiations” of his ministry with Bildu on “the situation of the prisoners of the terrorist group ETA” in Spanish prisons. The PP also proposes that before February, the head of the branch, José Manuel Albares, and the Defense Commission, Margarita Robles, appear before the Foreign Commission to report on Spain’s position regarding the mission deployed by the United States and the United Kingdom. in the Red Sea, respond to the “contradictions” shown by the Executive regarding it and make it clear if it will entail a transfer of Spanish soldiers abroad for which permission would have to be requested from the Government. THE PODEMOS VOTE, KEY This legislature, the Permanent Deputation, is made up of 69 members, including the president of the Lower House, Francina Armengol. The distribution of seats is carried out between the nine groups based on the weight of each one in the Plenary. Thus, there are 27 deputies from the PP, 25 from the PSOE, six from Vox, another six from Sumar, and one from each remaining group (ERC, Junts, Bildu, PNV and Mixto). The Mixto representation is exercised by Podemos, as the majority force of this conglomerate and, specifically, its general secretary, Ione Belarra, whose vote will be key when approving extraordinary appearances by members of the Government.