Rise opening for the BIST 100which begins on Thursday, January 25 with slight rises in the 0.74%until the 8,151.09 points, after opening. Compared to previous days, the BIST 100 accumulates two successive dates in green.
Regarding the last seven days, the BIST 100 scores a promotion of 1.68% and in interannual terms it still maintains an increase in 48.46%. and a 9.97% above its minimum valuation of the current year (7,412.04 points).
A stock index It is an indicator that shows how the price of a set of assets changesfor which it takes data from different companies or sectors of a part of the market.
These indicators are mainly used by the stock exchanges of various countries and each of them can be integrated by firms with specific requirements such as having a similar market capitalization or belonging to the same type of industry. In addition, there are some indices that only consider a handful of shares to determine their value or others that consider hundreds of shares.
Stock market indices serve as indicator of stock market confidence, business confidence, health of the national and global economy, and stock investment performance and shares of an entity. If investors do not have confidence, stock values would tend to fall.
Likewise, they function to measure the performance of an asset manager and allow investors to compare profitability and risk; measure the opportunities of a financial asset or create portfolios.
This type of indicators began to be used at the end of the 19th century after the journalist Charles H. Dow. looked closely at how company shares tended to rise or fall in price together, so he created two indices: one that contained the 20 most important railway companies (as it was the most important industry at the time), as well as 12 shares of other types of businesses
Today in humanity there are various indices and They can join together based on their geographical location, sectors, company size or even the type of asset.For example, the US Nasdaq index is made up of the 100 largest companies mostly related to technology such as Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Facebook (FB), Alphabet (GOOG), Tesla (TSLA ), Nvidia (NVDA), PayPal (PYPL), Comcast (CMCSA), Adobe (ADBE).
Each stock index has its own way of calculating, but the main factor is the market capitalization of each company that comprises it. This is obtained by multiplying the day’s value of the share in the corresponding stock market by the total shares that are in the hands of investors.
Companies listed on the stock exchange are required to present a balance of its composition. Said report must be notified every three or six months, as the case may be.
Reading a stock index also means paying attention to its variations over time. Current indices always start with a fixed value based on stock prices on your start date, but not everyone follows this method. Therefore, it can be a source of misunderstandings.
If one index increases 500 points in one day, while another only adds 20, it might appear that the first one performed better. However, if the first started the day at 30,000 points and the other at 300, you can see that, in percentage terms, the gains for the second were considerable.
Between the major US stock indices There is the Dow Jones Industrial Average, better known as Dow Jones, made up of 30 companies. Also, the S&P 500, which includes 500 of the largest companies on the New York Stock Exchange. Finally, we must mention the Nasdaq 100which associates 100 of the largest non-financial firms.
On the other hand, the most important indices of Europe are the Eurostoxx 50, which covers the 50 most important companies in the eurozone. On the other hand, the DAX 30, the main German index that contains the strongest companies on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange; the FTSE 100 from the London Stock Exchange; he CAC 40 from the Paris Stock Exchange; and the IBEX 35from the Spanish stock market.
In Asiawe have the Nikkei 225, made up of the 225 largest companies on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. There is also the SSE Composite Index, is seen as the most notable in China, made up of the most relevant companies on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. Likewise, it is worth mentioning the Hang Seung Index in Hong Kong and KOSPI in South Korea.
Talking about the latin american regionyou have the CPIwhich contains the 35 most powerful firms on the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV). At least a third of them belong to the capital of magnate Carlos Slim.
Another is the Bovespa, made up of the 50 most important companies on the Sao Paulo Stock Exchange; he Merval from Argentina; he IPSA From Chile; he MSCI COLCAP from Colombia; he IBC of Caracas, made up of 6 companies from Venezuela.
Also, there are other types of global stock indices such as MSCI Latin Americawhich includes the 137 most important companies in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.
Likewise, there is the MSCI World, which includes 1,600 companies from 23 developed countries; he MSCI Emerging Markets, made up of more than 800 companies from developing countries; and the S&P Global 100made up of the 100 most powerful multinational firms on the entire planet.