Reality and history show that When democratic governments make agreements with crime, it is the crime that fails to comply and obtains advantages that allow it to continue violating the order that was sought to be protected or reestablished. Crime makes agreements to gain time, to gain advantages, to survive, not to comply and even less to lose power, as demonstrated by the dictatorship of Venezuelathat breaking the so-called “Barbados agreement”commits more crimes to hold elections in a dictatorship and hold power indefinitely.
The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime or Palermo Convention defines in its article 2 “to) “Organized criminal group” means a structured group of three or more persons existing for a period of time and acting in concert with the purpose of committing one or more serious crimes or offenses established in accordance with this Convention with a view to obtaining, directly or indirectly, an economic or other material benefit; b) “Serious crime” means conduct that constitutes a crime punishable by a maximum deprivation of liberty of at least four years or a more serious penalty.
These definitions accurately describe those who hold power in Cuba, Venezuela, Bolivia and Nicaragua, which led by Castro/Diaz Canel, Maduro/Cabello, Arce/Morales and Ortega/Murillo respectively, are “organized criminal groups” of more than three people who act in concert committing serious crimes such as forgery, use of forged instruments, impersonations, usurpation of power, assuming the rights of the people, undue detentions, false accusations and complaints, torture, murders, massacres, persecutions, malfeasance, forced migrations, rapes, human trafficking, disappearances, drug trafficking, smuggling, corruption and more. The crimes are flagrant, they are publicly and internationally proven, certified by governments and international organizations. These criminal groups are made up of the holders of the executive, legislative, judicial and entire occupied State.
The situation is aggravated because the criminal groups of Cuba, Venezuela, Bolivia and Nicaragua are the transnational group called “socialism of the 21st century” that with “simulation of anti-imperialist politics and narrative” spreads, sustains and protects its criminal activities to have impunity by holding indefinitely. power, having come to assume international personality with the representation of the States they control. Transnational organized crime has penetrated States, relationships and international organizations, attacking and destroying democracy that has taken containment actions but not defense.
In this context, the Venezuelan dictatorship and the opposition Unitary Platform signed on October 17, 2023 the so-called “Partial Agreement on the promotion of political rights and electoral guarantees for all” known as the “Barbados Agreement”, which are two agreements, one of “electoral guarantees and political rights} and the other of “protection of the vital interests of the Nation.” Norway, Barbados, Russia, the Netherlands, Colombia, Mexico and the United States participated, recognizing “the right of each political actor to select their candidate for the presidential elections, the implementation of electoral guarantees and the holding of presidential elections in the second half of the year.” 2024″. A day later, the United States “issued four general licenses easing sanctions against the hydrocarbon, natural gas and gold industry for 6 months” and “removing the secondary market prohibitions” (capital) of the dictatorship.
On October 22, 2023, the primary elections of the opposition Unitary Platform in Venezuela were held to elect the “sole candidate” and he won. Maria Corina Machado with 92.5%. This resounding result produced a double defeat, to the dictatorship that immediately denounced the victory as “a violation of the Barbados Pact” and to the functional opposition that was left with no room for maneuver to continue being complicit with the dictatorship.
Given the evidence from polls and popular mobilization that María Corina Machado will defeat Nicolas Maduro and any candidate that the dictatorship nominates in elections, the organized crime system operates new crimes, perpetrating prevarication and falsifications this January 26 through its Supreme Court of Justice which ratified the “disqualification from holding public office” of the opposition candidate. The judges of Castro-Chavismo only repeat the commission of crimes of suppression of freedom, false accusations, violation of constitutional rights and guarantees and more, proving – once again – the inconsistency of democracies when entering into agreements with organized crime.
*Lawyer and Political Scientist. Director of the Interamerican Institute for Democracy