Today we want to talk about one of the exotic all-season fruits, which, however, we tend to use more in the cold season, is kiwi. Most often it is bought to decorate festive salads and dishes, but few people know how useful this “overseas guest” is and why it should be included in your diet.
Where did it come from
Kiwi is the fruit of a herbaceous vine called Actinidia sinensis. Botanically, kiwis are considered berries, but most still refer to them as fruits. Liana comes from China, originally had sour and very small fruits, they were called “Chinese circle”. At the beginning of the 20th century, a gardener brought kiwi fruit to New Zealand. He took up breeding and in just 30 years he got the fluffy, sweet and juicy kiwi that we know today. The name of these fruits was given by the same gardener for their resemblance to the kiwi bird of the same name. She is a symbol of New Zealand and has a round, fluffy body, somewhat similar to the fruits of Actinidia. In terms of popularity, kiwi ranks second among all tropical fruits, second only to pineapple.
Kiwi is important to be able to choose and store correctly. Ripe fruit is elastic, but soft, the skin is not wrinkled and without cracks. If the fruit is too soft, there are wet spots, then it is overripe and has begun to deteriorate, while the hard one, on the contrary, has not yet ripened, so it will be too sour. It must be remembered that kiwi is not a long-term fruit. At room temperature, a ripe fruit can spoil in as little as five days. But you can extend the shelf life in the refrigerator, before that you do not need to wash the fruit – then they will lie for about two weeks.
What is useful
The benefits of kiwi are undeniable and scientifically proven. It contains the enzyme actinidin, which breaks down proteins, making food easier to digest, especially after eating large amounts of meat or dairy products. The acids present in this fruit also help digestion, which is especially important when there is insufficient production of hydrochloric acid in the stomach. 100 g of kiwi contains 47 kcal, while proteins – 0.8 g, fats – 0.4 g, carbohydrates – 8.1 g.
In Chinese medicine, kiwi is used specifically to improve digestion, as well as to reduce the likelihood of kidney stones. Kiwi is the record holder for the presence of vitamin C, he lost the palm only to blackcurrant. Only 100 g of fresh kiwi contains four times the daily human need for vitamin C. It is known to strengthen the immune system and help fight colds. Also, when using kiwi, blood thinning is observed, it has been scientifically proven that in this regard it is a natural alternative to aspirin. Thus, kiwi reduces the risk of blood clots, which is useful for diseases of the heart and blood vessels. And the potassium in these fruits lowers blood pressure by controlling hypertension.
But you should know that kiwi is a very strong allergen for some people, especially for children and pregnant women, so it is better to introduce it into the diet at a later age and carefully. Also, the high content of acids in kiwi can cause dermatitis and damage tooth enamel. But you can reduce their impact if, after eating this fruit, rinse your mouth with water, as advised. gastroenterologists.
Kiwi is useful not only for nutrition. The effect of the organic acids included in kiwi on the skin is such that pigmentation becomes less. Due to the large amount of fruit acids and antioxidants, kiwi is known in cosmetology as an ingredient in peels and masks. Kiwi cleanses the skin and helps remove dead skin cells. Also, this fruit contains natural collagen, which helps to tighten and rejuvenate the skin, preventing the formation of wrinkles.
And kiwis are successfully used in cooking. Due to its bright taste, reminiscent of several fruits at the same time, it is great for sweet dishes. Jelly, pies, jams, mousses are made from it.
Kiwi in chocolate
kiwi – 3 pcs.,
black chocolate – 150 g,
cream – 80 ml
topping (nuts, coconut) – 2 tbsp. l.
Break the chocolate into pieces, pour in the cream and melt in the microwave or in a water bath. Don’t let it boil or the chocolate will curdle. Kiwi peel and cut into thick circles of 8 mm. Insert a stick and dip each kiwi slice halfway into the melted chocolate. Sprinkle immediately with nuts or coconut flakes. Let the chocolate harden and serve. It turns out a festive and healthy treat, you can insert ice cream sticks or skewers into kiwi circles to make it more convenient to take them.
kiwi – 1 kg,
sugar – 1 kg,
juice of ½ lemon,
gelatin – 1 sachet.
Ripe kiwi peel, cut into cubes. Puree with a blender or crusher. Add sugar, lemon and gelatin. Place in a saucepan over heat, stirring constantly. Boil for about 7 minutes, the mass will begin to thicken. Pour hot jam into sterile jars.
Prepared by Elena Veksler based on materials from open sources, image by azerbaijan_stockers on freepik.