Technology

The best thing built in Moscow in 2022

Architecture is a rather inert thing. The facilities opened this year began to be designed at least a few years ago. But housing merges into a kind of single mass: one project is almost impossible to distinguish from another, despite the fact that the average level has grown significantly in recent years. Offices and shopping centers can hardly be classified as examples of good architecture, so in the end, ten public buildings, structures and spaces were included in the list of the best Moscow buildings of the year.

Tretyakov Gallery on Kadashevskaya Embankment (SPEECH and Tchoban Voss Architekten)

Looking at the new building at the corner of Lavrushinsky Lane and Kadashevskaya Embankment, it is immediately clear that this is the Tretyakov Gallery. It seems that there can be no straightforward statement: the entire façade is filled with frame windows, which house works (that is, their images) from the museum’s collection. Here the textbook “Unknown” by Kramskoy is looking at you, but the look is snatched out by the beloved Aivazovsky among the people with his “Rainbow”.

The building was designed in the early 2000s, but the facades, created in the era of the then mayor Yuri Luzhkov, were considered obsolete. Therefore, in 2013, a competition was held for a new façade solution, which was won by the SPIC bureau. And now, after almost 10 years, the new building of the Tretyakov Gallery was finally completed, although it has not yet been opened. Of course, this solution has many layers. This is the combination of red and white surfaces of the facades, which is typical for the buildings of the Tretyakov Gallery in Lavrushinsky. And a reference to the trellis hanging, popular in the past, when the paintings filled the entire surface of the wall. But these are also associations with shopping centers, where every centimeter of the facade is hung with brand names. By the way, there is much more in common between museums and, in general, cultural institutions and shopping and entertainment centers than it seems. Both those and others sell impressions in the literal and figurative sense.

Nekrasovka Pavilion in Kuzminki Park (bYuro Xora”)

According to typology – the book issue point of the city library. Nekrasov, in style it is a modern dacha, in meaning it is a space for solitude and peace. The dramaturgy of this small pavilion is performed superbly. There are 500 books in total, the shelves with them are visible from the street and from any point inside the pavilion. In the decoration, wood is complemented by metal, natural natural colors – contrasting blue and yellow.

Martial Arts Palace (UNK project)

Luzhniki is now experiencing a new construction boom, the third since the opening of the complex in 1954 and preparations for the 1980 Olympics. The new building is the Martial Arts Palace, which is also the center of boxing and sambo. In fact, these are two independently functioning objects under one roof. The building is trying, on the one hand, to respond to the environment, on the other hand, to be self-sufficient and recognizable. Here is a tribute to the light-colored cladding characteristic of Luzhniki, and a neutral facade from the side of the Third Ring Road, along which the center is located. The main feature of the building is its exposure to the city, transparent glazing in combination with mirror planes allows you to watch trainings and competitions from the street.

“District” (aArchitectural Bureau of Timur Bashkaev + Mospromproekt + “Inzhproekt Initiative”)

In 2022, for the first time in many years, no new metro stations were opened in Moscow – the last time this happened was in 2004. But they put together the elements of the main transport hub in the north of Moscow – Okruzhnoy. Metro stations, MCC and MCD, between which you had to cross the street before, were connected by a system of covered passages. The most surprising thing is the feeling that different parts of the knot were created in different eras, although it began to form only a few years ago. There is a part that looks like some kind of reconstruction from about twenty years ago, made in the genre of “I blinded him from what was.” And there is the northern lobby of the metro and the northern terminal of the MCD station, which were opened this year. The terminal is a development of the snow-white theme of the MCC and Nizhegorodskaya TPU stations. Here he reaches a new level – more freedom in form: here a beveled portal flickers, and here the gaze rests on the oval ceiling. More decorative elements have also appeared, such as paper airplanes overhead or diamond rust on the facade. And the lighting system has become more diverse. The color of the interior also appeared – golden surfaces, although in fact it is the color of physalis. In the IDC navigation system, lines are usually denoted by the colors of plants and their fruits, for example, D2 is a bright pink fuchsia color.

Zoo (“PTAM Vissarionov“”)

Two important objects in the zoo, created not for the comfort of animals, but for the convenience of people. The zoo, located in the very center of the city, is overloaded, it simply has nowhere to grow – it is squeezed from all sides by buildings, so the only way out is its constant reconstruction. And if 20 years ago, during Luzhkov’s great reconstruction, the style of fabulousness was used, but today a modern language has been chosen. The pedestrian bridge between the old and new territories, built in the 1990s, was significantly expanded from four to nine meters, ramps and an elevator were added. But, most importantly, the bridge has radically changed its appearance. Now, a giant snow-white metal structure rises above Bolshaya Gruzinskaya Street: either a wave, or the skeleton of an ancient animal, or a kokoshnik. Or an homage to Santiago Calatrava, a Spanish architect working in such a style. A less noticeable building, but no less important, is the new entrance to the zoo, which was literally squeezed in next to the Barrikadnaya metro pavilion. The appearance of the pavilion is extremely laconic, it is built on a combination of concrete surfaces and steel elements, inside, due to the difference in relief, a travolator was made.

Tove Jansson Square (Pdesign office of the company A101)

The most common square format in Moscow is a traffic intersection. Therefore, the appearance of a real square, that is, a meaningful and organized urban space, and even in New Moscow, is really an event. According to the layout, Tove Jansson Square in the Scandinavia residential complex is a pause in development, and not just a crossroads, in terms of meaning it is a meeting place for people. Therefore, the area is given primarily to pedestrians. They left modern gazebos-spheres, preserved the oaks that grew here, laid paths. The snow-white two-story building is the center of urban experiences, here a range of functions, from shops to space for master classes. The main attraction of the square is the sculptures of the writer Tove Jansson with Moomintroll and other heroes of her books. Their authors are Kirill and Denis Bobylev and Vladimir Trulov.

Center “Zotov” (SPEECH)

Although Moscow will not be surprised by the redevelopment of buildings for cultural institutions, the creation of the Zotov cultural and educational center dedicated to constructivism on Presnensky Val is a special case. The historical building of the ring automatic bakery of the system of engineer Georgy Marsakov, built in 1929-1931, was restored from the outside. Inside, they kept everything that could be saved. This is a very delicate reconstruction, when it seems that nothing much has been done – something has been cleaned, the walls have been painted, the tiles have been washed, nothing more. One era is layered on top of another – here you can see the original brickwork, next to it are later tiles, and here is a drawing of a baker girl. The main element of the very tactful intervention is metal bars of different colors, it is repeated in different rooms. On the first floor in the public space Forum is corten steel, effectively complementing the peeled brick and concrete patches. On the second and third floors there are gratings painted, like the halls themselves, in a universal white color. The theme of the bars is also supported by the railing of the elevator shaft and stairs, here it is black. The quality and meaningfulness of the reconstruction boldly puts Zotov on a par with the Garage Museum and the GES-2 House of Culture.

MTS Life Arena“(“Miran project“”)

There are such buildings, the basis of which is precisely verified technology. These are, for example, stadiums, airports, concert venues. Often in such projects, architects are first of all required to create a spectacular shell. The multifunctional entertainment center “MTS Life Arena” on the Minsk highway in the Skolkovo district, designed for 11 thousand people, is just such a case. The shell, according to the explanatory note, is “unique facades in the form of a “frozen” acrobatic tape.” According to the meaning of the MTS Life Arena, it is partly a replacement for the demolished Olimpiysky, that is, concerts, sports and entertainment events can be held here.

Square near the metro Kuntsevskaya» BCL (AI Architects)

The Kuntsevskaya station of the Big Circle Line is a rare case when both the metro part itself and the landscaping were designed by the same architects. The theme invented for the station was taken upstairs by the architects. The entrance pavilions are also lined with terrazzo-like material, and the hopeless area along the noisy Rublevsky highway has been turned into a small park. The most ingenious solution to the main problem of modern metro stations is the presence of a huge number of ventilation stalls on the surface. They were enclosed in cylindrical shapes, repeating the shape of lamps at the station. The radius shape is also supported in the curves of the curbs enclosing the lawns. The park was fenced off from Rublevsky Highway with hills on which trees were planted. Of the favorite elements of Moscow improvement, there is an amphitheater here.

Protective screens of the Moscow High-Speed ​​Diameter (aArchitectural Bureau of Timur Bashkaev + Mosinzhproekt)

Part of the Moscow High-Speed ​​Diameter passes through the Losiny Ostrov park, so protective screens have been installed along the route. They separate the natural massif from the highway and are a cross between a giant wicker fence and a rolling wave. The design is filled with matte and transparent rhombuses made of polycarbonate in a win-win turquoise color. The design of elements for highways is not new for Moscow – in the 1960s they were developed for the Moscow Ring Road, and in the 2000s – for the Third Ring. Like those structures, the screens on the chords are completely
consonant with the time, this is a parametric architecture. Parametrics with unusual, twisting and twisting forms is a kind of mainstream of modern high-tech architecture. And to aestheticize purely functional buildings is quite in the Moscow tradition – remember at least metro stations.

Photo: shutterstock.com, Andrey Orekhov/xopapraxis.com, unkproject.com, Arseniy Rossikhin/ai architects, pamvissarionov.ru, Dmitry Chebanenko/speech.su, moskva.mts.ru, Moskva.mts.ru

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